The Arabic calligraphy, also known as Islamic calligraphy, is the artistic practice of handwriting, also called as the art of beautiful writing. This art form is based on the Arabic script and its Arabic alphabet. Arabic Calligraphy is one of the highest forms of visual art in the Islamic world. Its purpose is both aesthetic and functional.
Arabic calligraphy is as an artistic expression very common in Islamic arts, Qur'an, arabesque, walls in mosques, paintings, books and now in modern times Arabic calligraphy is also implemented in other different designs.
The most known Arabic calligraphies are Persian, Ottoman Turkish and Arabic calligraphy.
Some of the Arabic calligraphy scripts are in more geometric style like Kufi, the others are more in cursive style like Naskh.
Calligraphy can be written on many surfaces, like paper, textiles, metal, ceramic, wood, glass, stone, buildings, as digital, etc.
There are many different styles of Arabic calligraphy. The different styles of writing used in calligraphy are called scripts. These developed over centuries into formal scripts, created for various purposes and needs. Each script has distinctive shapes and characteristics.
Each script has distinct visual characteristics and follows specific rules. Once you begin to recognize these characteristics, you will be able to tell the scripts apart from each other.
Arabic calligraphy has 6 main and different calligraphic scripts (or so called styles), which are Thuluth, Deewani, Kufi, Naskh, Riqa and Taliq.
The content written in Arabic calligraphy can include Koran verses, poetry, names, proverbs, royal or court documents, stories, salutations, etc.
Difference between calligraphy and handwriting is the instrument used for writing. Traditionally, Arabic calligraphy is written with a specially carved reed pen. The reed is aged, treated and specially carved to hold black ink, which does not fade easily.
Learning different Arabic scripts of Arabic calligraphy in the traditional way can be quite hard for many reasons. The main problem is finding yourself a master of calligraphy - calligrapher with ejaza (someone who has diploma in Arabic calligraphy and is allowed to teach), who will have time to privately and individualy teach you, but usually you have to share your teacher with other students when having lessons.
Those lessons are often taught by demonstrations, which means you watch your teacher calligrapher as he writes, and then practice writing by yourself at lessons in class or at home.
The entire process can take a lot of time to complete it, but that depends upon the amount of time you devote to practice, the availability of a teacher and your natural skill level.
That's why we've invented and developed innovative program eCalligraphy, which allows you to learn Arabic calligraphy in the modern way without having a teacher non-stop beside you.
As the user of the eCalligraphy you will be provided with all the materials and contents to learn Arabic calligraphy on your own and by yourself! You can watch how the letters are written in endless times and you can practice whenever and wherever and with whomever you want.
All the contents of eCalligraphy program such as letters in different forms, examples, proportions, strokes, the animations of the letters were for this eCalligraphy program especially written by artist and calligrapher Dr. Khalifa El Shimy from United Arab Emirates, who has several ejaza in Arabic calligraphy from Istanbul from Mr. Hasan Shalabi and Mr. Fouad Bashar in Thuluth, Naskh, Dewani, Riqaa and Jalli Dewani.